Etymology
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belt (n.)

Old English belt "belt; girdle; broad, flat strip or strap of material used to encircle the waist," from Proto-Germanic *baltjaz (source also of Old High German balz, Old Norse balti, Swedish bälte), an early Germanic borrowing from Latin balteus "girdle, sword belt," said by Varro to be an Etruscan word.

Transferred sense of "broad stripe encircling something with its ends joined" is from 1660s; that of "broad strip or tract" of any sort, without notion of encircling (as in Bible belt is by 1808). As a mark of rank or distinction, mid-14c.; references to boxing championship belts date from 1812. Mechanical sense is from 1795. Below the belt "unfair" (1889) is from pugilism. To get something under (one's) belt was originally literal, to get it into one's stomach (1839), figurative use by 1931. To tighten (one's) belt "endure privation" is from 1887.

belt (v.)

early 14c., "to fasten or gird with a belt," from belt (n.). Meaning "to thrash as with a belt" is 1640s; general sense of "to hit, thrash" is attested from 1838. Colloquial meaning "to sing or speak vigorously" is from 1949. Related: Belted; belting. Hence (from the "thrash with a belt" sense) the noun meaning "a blow or stroke" (1885).

updated on December 05, 2018

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Definitions of belt from WordNet
1
belt (n.)
endless loop of flexible material between two rotating shafts or pulleys;
belt (n.)
a band to tie or buckle around the body (usually at the waist);
belt (n.)
an elongated region where a specific condition or characteristic is found;
a belt of high pressure
belt (n.)
a vigorous blow;
Synonyms: knock / bash / bang / smash
belt (n.)
a path or strip (as cut by one course of mowing);
Synonyms: swath
belt (n.)
ammunition (usually of small caliber) loaded in flexible linked strips for use in a machine gun;
Synonyms: belt ammunition / belted ammunition
belt (n.)
the act of hitting vigorously;
Synonyms: knock / rap / whack / whang
2
belt (v.)
sing loudly and forcefully;
Synonyms: belt out
belt (v.)
deliver a blow to;
He belted his opponent
belt (v.)
fasten with a belt;
belt your trousers
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.