Etymology
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belligerent (adj.)

1570s, "waging war, engaged in hostilities," from Latin belligerantem (nominative belligerans), past participle of belligerare "to wage war," from bellum "war" (see bellicose) + gerere "to bear, to carry" (see gest). The noun meaning "party or nation at war" is from 1811. Related: Belligerently.

updated on May 03, 2017

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Definitions of belligerent from WordNet
1
belligerent (adj.)
characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight;
a belligerent tone
Synonyms: aggressive
belligerent (adj.)
engaged in war;
belligerent (or warring) nations
Synonyms: militant / war-ridden / warring
2
belligerent (n.)
someone who fights (or is fighting);
Synonyms: combatant / battler / fighter / scrapper
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.