Etymology
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bed (n.)

Old English bedd "bed, couch, resting place; garden plot," from Proto-Germanic *badja- "sleeping place dug in the ground" (source also of Old Frisian, Old Saxon bed, Middle Dutch bedde, Old Norse beðr, Old High German betti, German Bett, Gothic badi "bed"), sometimes said to be from PIE root *bhedh- "to dig, pierce" (source also of Hittite beda- "to pierce, prick," Greek bothyros "pit," Latin fossa "ditch," Lithuanian bedu, besti "to dig," Breton bez "grave"). But Boutkan doubts this and writes, "there is little reason to assume that the Gmc. peoples (still) lived under such primitive circumstances that they dug out their places to sleep."

Both the sleeping and gardening senses are found in Old English; the specific application to planting is found also in Middle High German and is the only sense of Danish bed. Meaning "bottom of a lake, sea, or watercourse" is from 1580s. Geological sense of "a thick layer, stratum" is from 1680s.

Bed and board "in bed and at the table" (early 13c.) was a term in old law applied to conjugal duties of man and wife; it also could mean "meals and lodging, room and board" (mid-15c.). Bed-and-breakfast in reference to overnight accommodations is from 1838; as a noun, in reference to a place offering such, by 1967.

bed (v.)

Old English beddian "to provide with a bed or lodgings," from bed (n.). From c. 1300 as "to go to bed," also "to copulate with, to go to bed with;" 1440 as "to lay out (land) in plots or beds." Related: Bedded; bedding.

updated on December 05, 2018

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Definitions of bed from WordNet
1
bed (n.)
a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep;
he sat on the edge of the bed
the room had only a bed and chair
bed (n.)
a plot of ground in which plants are growing;
the gardener planted a bed of roses
bed (n.)
a depression forming the ground under a body of water;
he searched for treasure on the ocean bed
Synonyms: bottom
bed (n.)
(geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);
they found a bed of sandstone
bed (n.)
a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit;
he worked in the coal beds
Synonyms: seam
bed (n.)
single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;
slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach
Synonyms: layer
bed (n.)
the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.;
bed (n.)
a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track;
the track bed had washed away
2
bed (v.)
furnish with a bed;
The inn keeper could bed all the new arrivals
bed (v.)
place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil;
bed (v.)
put to bed;
The children were bedded at ten o'clock
bed (v.)
have sexual intercourse with;
Synonyms: sleep together / roll in the hay / love / make out / make love / sleep with / get laid / have sex / know / do it / be intimate / have intercourse / have it away / have it off / screw / fuck / jazz / eff / hump / lie with / have a go at it / bang / get it on / bonk
bed (v.)
prepare for sleep;
He goes to bed at the crack of dawn
Synonyms: go to bed / turn in / crawl in / kip down / hit the hay / hit the sack / sack out / go to sleep / retire
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.