Advertisement

battery (n.)

1530s, "action of battering," in law, "the unlawful beating of another," from French batterie, from Old French baterie "beating, thrashing, assault" (12c.), from batre "to beat," from Latin battuere (see batter (v.)).

Meaning shifted in French from "bombardment" ("heavy blows" upon city walls or fortresses) to "unit of artillery" (a sense recorded in English from 1550s). Extension to "electrical cell" (1748, first used by Ben Franklin) is perhaps from the artillery sense via notion of "discharges" of electricity. In Middle English, bateri meant only "forged metal ware." In obsolete baseball jargon battery was the word for "pitcher and catcher" considered as a unit (1867, originally only the pitcher).

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of battery

battery (n.)
group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place;
battery (n.)
a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series;
Synonyms: electric battery
battery (n.)
a collection of related things intended for use together;
took a battery of achievement tests
battery (n.)
a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher;
battery (n.)
a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores;
Synonyms: stamp battery
battery (n.)
the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target;
Synonyms: barrage / barrage fire / bombardment / shelling
battery (n.)
an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact;
Synonyms: assault and battery
From wordnet.princeton.edu