Etymology
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barley (n.)

hardy cereal plant, Old English bærlic, apparently originally an adjective, "of barley," from bere "barley" (from Proto-Germanic *bariz, *baraz) + -lic "body, like." First element is related to Old Norse barr "barley," and cognate with Latin far (genitive farris) "coarse grain, meal" (see farina).

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Definitions of barley

barley (n.)
a grain of barley;
Synonyms: barleycorn
barley (n.)
cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain;
From wordnet.princeton.edu