Etymology
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bamboo (n.)

type of giant grass common in the tropics, 1590s, from Dutch bamboe and/or Portuguese bambu, earlier mambu (16c.), probably from Malay (Austronesian) samambu, though some suspect this is itself an imported word, perhaps from Kanarese (Dravidian). Bamboo curtain in reference to communist China (based on iron curtain) is from 1949.

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Definitions of bamboo

bamboo (n.)
the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles;
bamboo (n.)
woody tropical grass having hollow woody stems; mature canes used for construction and furniture;
From wordnet.princeton.edu