Etymology
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ballot (n.)

1540s, "small ball used in voting," also "secret vote taken by ballots," from Italian pallotte, diminutive of palla "ball," for small balls used as counters in secret voting, from a Germanic source, from PIE root *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell." Earliest references are to Venice. By 1776 extended to tickets or sheets of paper used in secret voting. Ballot box attested from 1670s; metonymically from 1834 as "system or practice of voting by ballot."

ballot (v.)

1540s, "to vote by secret method" (such as ballot balls), from ballot (n.). Related: Balloted; balloting.

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Definitions of ballot
1
ballot (n.)
a document listing the alternatives that is used in voting;
ballot (n.)
a choice that is made by counting the number of people in favor of each alternative;
Synonyms: vote / voting / balloting
2
ballot (v.)
vote by ballot;
The voters were balloting in this state
From wordnet.princeton.edu