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autocracy (n.)

1650s, "independent power, self-sustained power, self-government" (obsolete), from French autocratie, from Latinized form of Greek autokrateia "absolute rule, rule by oneself," abstract noun from autokrates "ruling by oneself," from autos "self" (see auto-) + kratia "rule" (see -cracy). Meaning "absolute government, unlimited political power invested in a single person" is recorded from 1855.

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Definitions of autocracy from WordNet

autocracy (n.)
a political system governed by a single individual;
Synonyms: autarchy
autocracy (n.)
a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual;
From wordnet.princeton.edu