Etymology
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authoritarianism (n.)

1883; see authoritarian + -ism. Early use mostly in communist jargon.

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Definitions of authoritarianism

authoritarianism (n.)
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.);
Synonyms: dictatorship / absolutism / Caesarism / despotism / monocracy / one-man rule / shogunate / Stalinism / totalitarianism / tyranny
From wordnet.princeton.edu