Etymology
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autarchy (n.)

1660s, "absolute sovereignty," from Latinized form of Greek autarkhia, from autarkhein "to be an absolute ruler," from autos "self" (see auto-) + arkhein "to rule" (see archon).

updated on March 03, 2017

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Definitions of autarchy from WordNet

autarchy (n.)
economic independence as a national policy;
Synonyms: autarky
autarchy (n.)
a political system governed by a single individual;
Synonyms: autocracy
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.