Etymology
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astringent (adj.)

1540s, "binding, contracting," from Latin astringentum (nominative astringens), present participle of astringere "to bind fast, tighten, contract," from assimilated form of ad "to" (see ad-) + stringere "draw tight" (see strain (v.)). Related: Astringently; astringency. As a noun from 1620s, "an astringent substance, something which contracts tissues and thereby checks discharge of blood."

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Definitions of astringent
1
astringent (adj.)
sour or bitter in taste;
Synonyms: acerb / acerbic
astringent (adj.)
tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue;
astringent cosmetic lotions
2
astringent (n.)
a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals;
Synonyms: astringent drug / styptic
From wordnet.princeton.edu