Etymology
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assimilation (n.)

early 15c., "act of assimilating," in reference to the body's use of nutrition, from Old French assimilacion, from Latin assimilationem (nominative assimilatio) "likeness, similarity," noun of action from past-participle stem of assimilare "to make like" (see assimilate). Meaning "process of becoming alike or identical, conversion into a similar substance" is from 1620s. Figurative use from 1790. Psychological sense is from 1855.

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Definitions of assimilation

assimilation (n.)
the state of being assimilated; people of different backgrounds come to see themselves as part of a larger national family;
assimilation (n.)
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another;
Synonyms: absorption
assimilation (n.)
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;
Synonyms: absorption
assimilation (n.)
a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound;
assimilation (n.)
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure;
Synonyms: acculturation
assimilation (n.)
in the theories of Jean Piaget: the application of a general schema to a particular instance;
From wordnet.princeton.edu