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aspartame (n.)

commercial name of an artificial sweetener, 1973, from aspartic acid (1836), formed irregularly from asparagine (1813, earlier in French), a crystalline compound found in asparagus, beet-root, etc., which was named from asparagus + chemical suffix -ine (2). The -ame is perhaps because aspartamine is an amide.

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Definitions of aspartame from WordNet

aspartame (n.)
an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener;
From wordnet.princeton.edu