Etymology
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asafetida (n.)

"pungent sap from the roots of several plants native to Persia and Afghanistan," used as a drug, late 14c., from Medieval Latin asa (Latinized from Persian aza "mastic") + foetida, fem. of foetidus "stinking" (see fetid).

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Definitions of asafetida

asafetida (n.)
the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic;
Synonyms: asafoetida
From wordnet.princeton.edu