Etymology
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Artaxerxes

Persian masc. proper name, in classical history a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Greek Artaxerxes, from Old Persian Artaxšaca, literally "having a kingdom of justice," from arta- "justice" + xšaca "kingdom."

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Definitions of Artaxerxes

Artaxerxes (n.)
king of Persia who subdued numerous revolutions and made peace with Sparta (?-359 BC);
Synonyms: Artaxerxes II
Artaxerxes (n.)
king of Persia who sanctioned the practice of Judaism in Jerusalem (?-424 BC);
Synonyms: Artaxerxes I
From wordnet.princeton.edu