Etymology
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arrogance (n.)

"a manifest feeling of superiority of one's worth or importance, combined with contempt of others," c. 1300, from Old French arrogance (12c.), from Latin arrogantia "presumption, pride, haughtiness," abstract noun from arrogantem (nominative arrogans) "assuming, overbearing, insolent," present participle of arrogare "to claim for oneself, assume," from ad "to" (see ad-) + rogare "to ask, to propose (a law, a candidate); to ask a favor, entreat, request," apparently a figurative use of a PIE verb meaning literally "to stretch out (the hand)," from root *reg- "move in a straight line."

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Definitions of arrogance

arrogance (n.)
overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner toward inferiors;
Synonyms: haughtiness / hauteur / high-handedness / lordliness
From wordnet.princeton.edu