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arrest (v.)

"to cause to stop," also "to detain legally," late 14c., from Old French arester "to stay, stop" (12c., Modern French arrêter), from Vulgar Latin *arrestare "to stop, restrain" (source also of Italian arrestare, Spanish and Portuguese arrestar), from ad "to" (see ad-) + Latin restare "to stop, remain behind, stay back," from re- "back" (see re-) + stare "to stand" (from PIE root *sta- "to stand, make or be firm"). Figurative sense of "to catch and hold" (the attention, etc.) is from 1814.

arrest (n.)

"act of stopping; state of being stopped," late 14c., from Anglo-French arest, Old French areste (n.) "stoppage, delay" (12c., Modern French arrêt), from arester "to stay, stop" (see arrest (v.)). Especially in law, "the taking of a person into custody, usually by warrant from authority, to answer an alleged or suspected crime" (early 15c.).

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Definitions of arrest
1
arrest (v.)
take into custody;
Synonyms: collar / nail / apprehend / pick up / nab / cop
arrest (v.)
hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;
Synonyms: check / turn back / stop / contain / hold back
arrest (v.)
attract and fix;
Synonyms: catch / get
arrest (v.)
cause to stop;
Synonyms: halt / hold
2
arrest (n.)
the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);
Synonyms: apprehension / catch / collar / pinch / taking into custody
arrest (n.)
the state of inactivity following an interruption;
the negotiations were in arrest
Synonyms: check / halt / hitch / stay / stop / stoppage
From wordnet.princeton.edu