Etymology
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argue (v.)

c. 1300, "to make reasoned statements to prove or refute a proposition," from Old French arguer "maintain an opinion or view; harry, reproach, accuse, blame" (12c.), ultimately from Latin arguere "make clear, make known, prove, declare, demonstrate" (from  a suffixed form of PIE root *arg- "to shine; white"). The transmission to French might be via arguere in a Medieval Latin sense of "to argue," or from Latin argutare "to prattle, prate," frequentative of arguere.

De Vaan says arguere is probably "a denominative verb 'to make bright, enlighten' to an adj. *argu- 'bright' as continued in argutus and outside Italic." He cites a closely similar formation in Hittite arkuuae- "to make a plea." The meaning "to oppose, dispute, contend in argument" is from late 14c. Related: Argued; arguing.

updated on September 24, 2022

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Definitions of argue from WordNet

argue (v.)
present reasons and arguments;
Synonyms: reason
argue (v.)
have an argument about something;
Synonyms: contend / debate / fence
argue (v.)
give evidence of;
The evidence argues for your claim
Synonyms: indicate
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.