Etymology
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archer (n.)

"one who shoots arrows from a (long) bow," late 13c., from Anglo-French archer, Old French archier "archer; bow-maker," from Late Latin arcarius, alteration of Latin arcuarius "maker of bows," from arcus "bow" (see arc (n.)). (The classical Latin word was arquites "archers;" the Greeks shunned archery as an unmanly tactic, and the Romans seem to have had little appreciation for it until their later encounters with mounted barbarian archers). Also a 17c. name for the bishop in chess. As a type of tropical fish, 1834, from its shooting drops of water at insects.

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Definitions of archer
1
archer (n.)
a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow;
Synonyms: bowman
2
Archer (n.)
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Sagittarius;
Synonyms: Sagittarius
Archer (n.)
the ninth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about November 22 to December 21;
Synonyms: Sagittarius / Sagittarius the Archer
From wordnet.princeton.edu