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arcade (n.)

1731, "vaulted space" (as arcado from 1640s), via French arcade, which probably is from Italian arcata "arch of a bridge," from arco "arc," from Latin arcus "a bow, arch" (see arc (n.)).

The English word was applied to passages formed by a succession of arches supported on piers or pillars, avenues of trees, and ultimately to any covered avenue (1731), especially one lined with shops (1795) or amusements; hence arcade game (1977).

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Definitions of arcade from WordNet

arcade (n.)
a covered passageway with shops and stalls on either side;
arcade (n.)
a structure composed of a series of arches supported by columns;
Synonyms: colonnade
From wordnet.princeton.edu