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apheresis (n.)

also aphaeresis, "suppression of a letter or syllable at the beginning of a word," 1610s, from Latin aphaeresis, a grammarians' use of Greek aphairesis "a taking away," from aphairein "to take away," from assimilated form of apo "from, off" (see apo-) + hairein "to take" (see heresy). Related: Apheretic.

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Definitions of apheresis from WordNet

apheresis (n.)
(linguistics) omission at the beginning of a word as in `coon' for `raccoon' or `till' for `until';
Synonyms: aphaeresis
apheresis (n.)
a procedure in which blood is drawn and separated into its components by dialysis; some are retained and the rest are returned to the donor by transfusion;
Synonyms: pheresis
From wordnet.princeton.edu