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anthrax (n.)

late 14c., "severe boil or carbuncle," from Latin anthrax "virulent ulcer," from Greek anthrax "charcoal, live coal," also "carbuncle," which is of unknown origin; probably [Beekes] from a pre-Greek language. Specific sense of the malignant disease in sheep and cattle (and occasionally humans) is from 1876.

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Definitions of anthrax from WordNet

anthrax (n.)
a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people;
Synonyms: splenic fever
anthrax (n.)
a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia;
From wordnet.princeton.edu