Etymology
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anchovy (n.)

small, common fish of the Mediterranean and other seas, esteemed for its rich, peculiar flavor, 1590s, from Portuguese anchova, from Genoese or Corsican dialect, perhaps ultimately from either Latin apua "small fish" (from Greek aphye "small fry") [Gamillscheg, Diez], or from Basque anchu "dried fish," from anchuva "dry" [Klein, citing Mahn].

updated on January 07, 2017

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Definitions of anchovy from WordNet

anchovy (n.)
tiny fishes usually canned or salted; used for hors d'oeuvres or as seasoning in sauces;
anchovy (n.)
small herring-like plankton-eating fishes often canned whole or as paste; abundant in tropical waters worldwide;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.