Words related to anarchy

an- (1)
privative prefix, from Greek an-, "not, without," from PIE root *ne- "not"). The Greek prefix is a fuller form of the one represented in English by a- (3).
archon (n.)
one of the nine chief magistrates of ancient Athens, 1650s, from Greek arkhon "ruler, commander, chief, captain," noun use of present participle of arkhein "be the first," thence "to begin, begin from or with, make preparation for;" also "to rule, lead the way, govern, rule over, be leader of," a word of uncertain origin.
anarch (n.)
1660s, "leader of leaderlessness," a deliciously paradoxical word used by Milton, Pope, Shelley, Byron; from Greek an- "not, without" (see an- (1)) + arkhon "ruler" (see archon), and compare anarchy. Also "an anarchist" (1884).
anarchic (adj.)
1755, "chaotic, lawless, without order or rule," from Latinized form of Greek anarkhos "without head or chief" (see anarchy) + -ic. Older in this sense was anarchical (1590s). Anarchial "disorderly, unregulated" is from 1710; Landor used anarchal "without government" (1824).
anarchism (n.)
"political doctrine advocating leaderlessness," 1640s; see anarchy + -ism.
anarchist (n.)
1670s, "one who denies the validity of ruling power;" see anarchy + -ist. The word got a boost during the French Revolution; in 19c. it was used both of "one who advocates absence of government as a political ideal" (philosophical or scientific anarchism) and "one who seeks to overthrow violently all forms and institutions of society and government with no intention of establishing others."