Etymology
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anarchist (n.)

1670s, "one who denies the validity of ruling power;" see anarchy + -ist. The word got a boost during the French Revolution; in 19c. it was used both of "one who advocates absence of government as a political ideal" (philosophical or scientific anarchism) and "one who seeks to overthrow violently all forms and institutions of society and government with no intention of establishing others."

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Definitions of anarchist

anarchist (n.)
an advocate of anarchism;
Synonyms: nihilist / syndicalist
From wordnet.princeton.edu