Etymology
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analytical (adj.)

"employing analytic methods," 1520s, with -al (1) + Medieval Latin analyticus, from Medieval Latin analyticus, from Greek analytikos "analytical," from analytos "dissolved," from analyein "unloose, release, set free," from ana "up, back, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (from PIE root *leu- "to loosen, divide, cut apart").

In linguistics, of languages that use particles and auxiliaries (rather than inflections) to modify meaning and show relations of words, from 1830. Analytical chemistry resolves compounds into elements. Related: Analytically.

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Definitions of analytical

analytical (adj.)
using or skilled in using analysis (i.e., separating a whole--intellectual or substantial--into its elemental parts or basic principles);
analytical reasoning
an analytical mind
Synonyms: analytic
analytical (adj.)
of a proposition that is necessarily true independent of fact or experience;
Synonyms: analytic
From wordnet.princeton.edu