Etymology
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anabolic (adj.)

"pertaining to the process of building up" (especially in metabolism), 1876, with -ic + Greek anabole "that which is thrown up; a mound," from anaballein "to throw or toss up," from ana "up, upward" (see ana-) + ballein "to throw" (from PIE root *gwele- "to throw, reach").

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Definitions of anabolic

anabolic (adj.)
of or related to the synthetic phase of metabolism;
anabolic (adj.)
characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism;
some athletes take anabolic steroids to increase muscle size temporarily
From wordnet.princeton.edu