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amount (v.)

late 13c., "to go up, rise, mount (a horse)," from Old French amonter "rise, go up; mean, signify," from amont (adv.) "upward, uphill," literally "to the mountain" (12c.), a contraction of the prepositional phrase a mont, from a (from Latin ad "to;" see ad-) + Latin montem (nominative mons) "mountain" (from PIE root *men- (2) "to project"). Meaning "to rise in number or quality (so as to reach)" is from c. 1300. Simple mount (v.) is not used in the physical senses. Related: Amounted; amounting.

amount (n.)

"quantity, sum," 1710, from amount (v.). As nouns, Middle English had amountance, amountment.

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Definitions of amount from WordNet
1
amount (n.)
a quantity of money;
the amount he had in cash was insufficient
Synonyms: sum / sum of money / amount of money
amount (n.)
the relative magnitude of something with reference to a criterion;
an adequate amount of food for four people
amount (n.)
how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify;
Synonyms: measure / quantity
amount (n.)
a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers;
Synonyms: sum / total
2
amount (v.)
be tantamount or equivalent to;
Her action amounted to a rebellion
amount (v.)
add up in number or quantity;
The bills amounted to $2,000
Synonyms: total / number / add up / come
amount (v.)
develop into;
This idea will never amount to anything
Synonyms: come / add up
From wordnet.princeton.edu