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alliance (n.)

c. 1300, "bond of marriage" (between ruling houses or noble families), from Old French aliance (12c., Modern French alliance) "alliance, bond; marriage, union," from aliier (Modern French allier) "combine, unite" (see ally (v.)).

General sense of "combination for a common object" is from mid-14c., as are those of "bond or treaty between rulers or nations, contracted by treaty" and "aggregate of persons allied." Unlike its synonyms, "rarely used of a combination for evil" [Century Dictionary]. Meaning "state of being allied or connected" is from 1670s. The Latin word was alligantia.

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Definitions of alliance from WordNet

alliance (n.)
the state of being allied or confederated;
Synonyms: confederation
alliance (n.)
a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;
the shifting alliances within a large family
Synonyms: bond
alliance (n.)
an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty;
Synonyms: coalition / alignment / alinement
alliance (n.)
a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim;
alliance (n.)
the act of forming an alliance or confederation;
Synonyms: confederation
From wordnet.princeton.edu