Etymology
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alcoholism (n.)

"disease of alcohol addiction," by 1882, from alcohol + -ism, or else from Modern Latin alcoholismus, coined in 1852 by Swedish professor of medicine Magnus Huss to mean what we now would call "alcohol poisoning, effects of excessive ingestion of alcohol." In earlier times, alcohol addiction would have been called habitual drunkenness or some such term.

updated on November 30, 2017

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Definitions of alcoholism from WordNet

alcoholism (n.)
habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms;
Synonyms: alcohol addiction / inebriation / drunkenness
alcoholism (n.)
an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess;
Synonyms: dipsomania / potomania
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.