Etymology
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alabaster (n.)

"translucent, whitish, marble-like mineral used for vases, ornaments, and busts," late 14c., from Old French alabastre (12c., Modern French albâtre), from Latin alabaster "colored rock used to make boxes and vessels for unguents," from later Greek alabastros (earlier albastos) "vase for perfumes," probably a foreign word, perhaps from Egyptian 'a-labaste "vessel of the goddess Bast." Used figuratively for whiteness and smoothness from 1570s. "The spelling in 16-17th c. is almost always alablaster ..." [OED].

updated on November 30, 2016

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Definitions of alabaster from WordNet
1
alabaster (n.)
a compact fine-textured, usually white gypsum used for carving;
alabaster (n.)
a hard compact kind of calcite;
Synonyms: oriental alabaster / onyx marble / Mexican onyx
alabaster (n.)
a very light white;
2
alabaster (adj.)
of or resembling alabaster;
alabaster statue
Synonyms: alabastrine
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.