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aim (v.)

c. 1300, "to estimate (number or size), calculate, count" (senses now obsolete), from Old French aesmer, esmer (Old North French amer) "to value, rate; count, estimate," ultimately from Latin aestimare "appraise, determine the value of" (see esteem (v.)).

Meaning in English apparently developed from "calculate," to "calculate with a view to action, plan," then to "direct a missile, a blow, etc." (late 14c.). Also used in Middle English of directing a letter, planting an altar, pitching a tent. Intransitive sense "intend, attempt" (early 14c.) was used by Shakespeare but is now considered colloquial. Related: Aimed; aiming.

aim (n.)

late 14c., "a purpose, thing intended;" from aim (v.) or from nouns from the verb in Old French. Meaning "action of aiming" is from early 15c. To take aim originally was make aim (early 15c.).

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Definitions of aim from WordNet
1
aim (v.)
point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards;
Please don't aim at your little brother!
Synonyms: take / train / take aim / direct
aim (v.)
propose or intend;
I aim to arrive at noon
Synonyms: purpose / purport / propose
aim (v.)
move into a desired direction of discourse;
Synonyms: drive / get
aim (v.)
specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;
Synonyms: calculate / direct
aim (v.)
intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;
He aimed his fists towards his opponent's face
Synonyms: target / place / direct / point
aim (v.)
direct (a remark) toward an intended goal;
She wanted to aim a pun
aim (v.)
have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal;
Synonyms: draw a bead on / aspire / shoot for
2
aim (n.)
an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;
it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs
Synonyms: purpose / intent / intention / design
aim (n.)
the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);
Synonyms: object / objective / target
aim (n.)
the action of directing something at an object;
he took aim and fired
aim (n.)
the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies;
Synonyms: bearing / heading
From wordnet.princeton.edu