Etymology
Advertisement

afflict (v.)

late 14c., "to cast down" (a sense now obsolete), from Old French aflicter, from Latin afflictare "to damage, harass, torment," frequentative of affligere (past participle afflictus) "to dash down, overthrow," from ad "to" (see ad-) + fligere (past participle flictus) "to strike," from PIE root *bhlig- "to strike" (source also of Greek phlibein "to press, crush," Czech blizna "scar," Welsh blif "catapult").

The weakened or transferred meaning "to trouble in body or mind, harass, distress," is attested from 1530s. Related: Afflicted; afflicting.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of afflict

afflict (v.)
cause great unhappiness for; distress;
she was afflicted by the death of her parents
afflict (v.)
cause physical pain or suffering in;
afflict with the plague
Synonyms: smite
From wordnet.princeton.edu