Etymology
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adversity (n.)

c. 1200, aduersite "condition of misfortune, hardship, difficulty, distress," from Old French adversite, aversite "adversity, calamity, misfortune; hostility, wickedness, malice" (Modern French adversité), from Latin adversitatem (nominative adversitas) "opposition," from adversus "turned against, hostile" (see adverse).

updated on September 15, 2022

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Definitions of adversity from WordNet

adversity (n.)
a state of misfortune or affliction;
debt-ridden farmers struggling with adversity
Synonyms: hardship / hard knocks
adversity (n.)
a stroke of ill fortune; a calamitous event;
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.