Etymology
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advance (v.)

mid-13c., avauncen (transitive), "improve (something), further the development of," from Old French avancir, avancier "move forward, go forward, set forward" (12c., Modern French avancer), from Vulgar Latin *abanteare (source of Italian avanzare, Spanish avanzar), from Late Latin abante "from before," composed of ab "from" (see ab-) + ante "before, in front of, against" (from PIE root *ant- "front, forehead"). Compare avant.

The unetymological -d- was inserted 16c. on mistaken notion that initial syllable was from Latin ad-. From c. 1300 as "to promote, raise to a higher rank." Intransitive sense "move forward, move further in front" is mid-14c.; transitive sense "bring forward in place, move (something) forward" is from c. 1500. Meaning "to give (money, etc.) before it is legally due" is first attested 1670s. Related: Advanced; advancing. The adjective (in advance warning, etc.) is recorded from 1843.

advance (n.)

c. 1300, "boasting, ostentation" (now archaic), from advance (v.). Early 15c. as "advancement in rank, wealth, etc.;" physical sense of "state of being in front" is from 1660s; that of "a move forward or toward the front" is from 1670s. Commercial sense of "something given beforehand" is from 1680s (earlier in this sense was advancement, 1640s). Meaning "military signal to advance" is by 1849. Also "an act of approach" (1670s), hence advances "amorous overtures" (1706).

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Definitions of advance
1
advance (v.)
move forward, also in the metaphorical sense;
Synonyms: progress / pass on / move on / march on / go on
advance (v.)
bring forward for consideration or acceptance;
advance an argument
Synonyms: throw out
advance (v.)
increase or raise;
Synonyms: boost / supercharge
advance (v.)
contribute to the progress or growth of;
Synonyms: promote / boost / further / encourage
advance (v.)
cause to move forward;
Synonyms: bring forward
advance (v.)
obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;
Synonyms: gain / win / pull ahead / make headway / get ahead / gain ground
advance (v.)
develop in a positive way;
Synonyms: progress / come on / come along / get on / get along / shape up
advance (v.)
develop further;
advance (v.)
give a promotion to or assign to a higher position;
Women tend not to advance in the major law firms
Synonyms: promote / upgrade / kick upstairs / raise / elevate
advance (v.)
pay in advance;
Can you advance me some money?
advance (v.)
move forward;
we have to advance clocks and watches when we travel eastward
Synonyms: set ahead
advance (v.)
rise in rate or price;
Synonyms: gain
2
advance (n.)
a movement forward;
Synonyms: progress / progression
advance (n.)
a change for the better; progress in development;
Synonyms: improvement / betterment
advance (n.)
a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;
she rejected his advances
Synonyms: overture / approach / feeler
advance (n.)
the act of moving forward (as toward a goal);
Synonyms: progress / progression / procession / advancement / forward motion / onward motion
advance (n.)
an amount paid before it is earned;
Synonyms: cash advance
advance (n.)
increase in price or value;
the news caused a general advance on the stock market
Synonyms: rise
3
advance (adj.)
situated ahead or going before;
an advance party
at that time the most advanced outpost was still east of the Rockies
Synonyms: advanced / in advance
advance (adj.)
being ahead of time or need;
gave advance warning
Synonyms: beforehand
From wordnet.princeton.edu