Etymology
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adagio (adv.)

c. 1746, in music, "slowly, leisurely and gracefully," Italian, a contraction of ad agio, from ad "to, at" (see ad-) + agio "leisure," from Vulgar Latin *adiacens, present participle of adiacere "to lie at, to lie near" (compare adjacent). In noun sense of "a slow movement," first attested 1784.

updated on March 12, 2019

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Definitions of adagio from WordNet
1
adagio (n.)
(music) a composition played in adagio tempo (slowly and gracefully);
they played the adagio too quickly
adagio (n.)
a slow section of a pas de deux requiring great skill and strength by the dancers;
2
adagio (adv.)
slowly;
here you must play adagio
3
adagio (adj.)
(of tempo) leisurely;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.