Etymology
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abstraction (n.)

c. 1400, "a withdrawal from worldly affairs, asceticism," from Old French abstraction (14c.), from Late Latin abstractionem (nominative abstractio), noun of action from past-participle stem of Latin abstrahere "to drag away, detach, pull away, divert;" also figuratively, from assimilated form of ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + trahere "to draw," from PIE root *tragh- "to draw, drag, move" (see tract (n.1)). Meaning "idea of something that has no actual existence" is from 1640s.

Origin and meaning of abstraction

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Definitions of abstraction

abstraction (n.)
a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;
Synonyms: abstract
abstraction (n.)
the act of withdrawing or removing something;
abstraction (n.)
the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances;
abstraction (n.)
an abstract painting;
abstraction (n.)
preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else;
Synonyms: abstractedness
abstraction (n.)
a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples;
Synonyms: abstract entity
From wordnet.princeton.edu