Etymology
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absorption (n.)

1590s, "a swallowing up" (now obsolete), from Latin absorptionem (nominative absorptio) "a swallowing," noun of action from past-participle stem of absorbere "swallow up" (see absorb). From 1714 specifically of "disappearance by assimilation into something else."

Origin and meaning of absorption

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Definitions of absorption

absorption (n.)
(chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid;
Synonyms: soaking up
absorption (n.)
(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium;
the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules
absorption (n.)
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another;
Synonyms: assimilation
absorption (n.)
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;
Synonyms: assimilation
absorption (n.)
complete attention; intense mental effort;
Synonyms: concentration / engrossment / immersion
absorption (n.)
the mental state of being preoccupied by something;
Synonyms: preoccupation / preoccupancy / engrossment
From wordnet.princeton.edu