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absolve (v.)

early 15c., "release" (from an oath or obligation), from Latin absolvere "set free," especially judicially, "acquit" (source also of Old French assoldre (11c.), Modern French absoudre), from ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + solvere "to loosen, untie, release, remove," from PIE *se-lu-, from reflexive pronoun *s(w)e- (see idiom) + root *leu- "to loosen, divide, cut apart." In modern use, "set free from consequences or penalties of actions." Related: Absolved; absolving.

Origin and meaning of absolve

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Definitions of absolve from WordNet

absolve (v.)
grant remission of a sin to;
The priest absolved him and told him to say ten Hail Marys
Synonyms: shrive
absolve (v.)
let off the hook;
I absolve you from this responsibility
Synonyms: free
From wordnet.princeton.edu