Etymology
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absolutism (n.)

1753 in theology, of God's actions; 1830 in political science, "system of government where the power of the sovereign is unrestricted," in which sense it seems to have been introduced by British reformer and parliamentarian Maj. Gen. Thomas Perronet Thompson. See absolute and -ism.

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Definitions of absolutism

absolutism (n.)
dominance through threat of punishment and violence;
Synonyms: tyranny / despotism
absolutism (n.)
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.);
Synonyms: dictatorship / authoritarianism / Caesarism / despotism / monocracy / one-man rule / shogunate / Stalinism / totalitarianism / tyranny
absolutism (n.)
the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government;
Synonyms: totalitarianism / totalism
absolutism (n.)
the doctrine of an absolute being;
From wordnet.princeton.edu