Etymology
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absent (adj.)

"not present, not in a certain place" (of persons), "non-existent" (of things), late 14c., from Old French absent, ausent "absent" and directly from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent," from assimilated form of ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + esse "to be" (from PIE root *es- "to be"). Related: Absently; absentness.

Origin and meaning of absent

absent (v.)

late 14c., "withdraw (oneself), go away, stay away," from Old French absenter "absent (oneself)," from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.

Origin and meaning of absent

absent (prep.)

"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (adj.).

Origin and meaning of absent

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Definitions of absent
1
absent (adj.)
not being in a specified place;
absent (adj.)
nonexistent;
the thumb is absent
Synonyms: lacking / missing / wanting
absent (adj.)
lost in thought; showing preoccupation;
an absent stare
Synonyms: absentminded / abstracted / scatty
2
absent (v.)
go away or leave;
He absented himself
Synonyms: remove
From wordnet.princeton.edu