Etymology
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absence (n.)

"state of not being present," late 14c., from Old French absence "absence" (14c.), from Latin absentia, abstract noun from absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent," from ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + esse "to be" (from PIE root *es- "to be"). Absence makes the heart grow fonder is a line from the song "Isle of Beauty" by English poet and composer Thomas Haynes Bayly (1797-1839).

Origin and meaning of absence

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Definitions of absence

absence (n.)
the state of being absent;
he was surprised by the absence of any explanation
absence (n.)
failure to be present;
absence (n.)
the time interval during which something or somebody is away;
he visited during my absence
absence (n.)
the occurrence of an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered), sometimes with light twitching, fluttering eyelids, etc.; common in petit mal epilepsy;
Synonyms: absence seizure
From wordnet.princeton.edu