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abridge (v.)

c. 1300, abreggen, "make shorter, shorten, condense," from Old French abregier, abrigier "abridge, diminish, shorten" (12c., Modern French abréger), from Late Latin abbreviare "make short," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + breviare "shorten," from brevis "short, low, little, shallow" (from PIE root *mregh-u- "short").

Abbreviate is the same word directly from Latin. The sound development that turned Latin -vi- to French -dg- is paralleled in assuage (from assuavidare) and deluge (from diluvium). Of writing, "shorten by omission," late 14c. Related: Abridged; abridging.

Origin and meaning of abridge

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Definitions of abridge from WordNet

abridge (v.)
reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;
abridge (v.)
lessen, diminish, or curtail;
the new law might abridge our freedom of expression
From wordnet.princeton.edu