Etymology
Advertisement

abort (v.)

1570s, "to miscarry in giving birth," from Latin abortus, past participle of aboriri "to miscarry, be aborted, fail, disappear, pass away," a compound word used in Latin for deaths, miscarriages, sunsets, etc., which according to OED is from ab, here as "amiss" (see ab-), + stem of oriri "appear, be born, arise," from PIE *heri- "to rise" (see origin). [Watkins, contra de Vaan, etc., derives the second element from a suffixed form of PIE root *er- (1) "move, set in motion."]

The English word is attested from 1610s as "to deliberately terminate" anything (intransitive), but especially a pregnancy in a human or animal. Intransitive use in aeronautics and space-flight is by 1946. Transitive meaning "to cause (a woman) to miscarry" is recorded by 1916; with the fetus or pregnancy as the object of the action, by 1966. Related: Aborted; aborting. The Latin verb for "produce an abortion" was abigo, literally "to drive away."

Origin and meaning of abort
Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of abort
1
abort (v.)
terminate before completion;
abort the mission
abort the process running on my computer
abort (v.)
cease development, die, and be aborted;
an aborting fetus
abort (v.)
terminate a pregnancy by undergoing an abortion;
2
abort (n.)
the act of terminating a project or procedure before it is completed;
he sent a short message requesting an abort due to extreme winds in the area
I wasted a year of my life working on an abort
From wordnet.princeton.edu