Etymology
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Taliban (n.)

Sunni fundamentalist movement begun in Afghanistan, Pashto plural of Arabic tālib "student;" so called because it originated among students in Pakistani religious schools. Group formed c. 1993. Often incorrectly treated as singular in English.

updated on January 14, 2014

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Definitions of Taliban from WordNet

Taliban (n.)
a fundamentalist Islamic militia; in 1995 the Taliban militia took over Afghanistan and in 1996 took Kabul and set up an Islamic government;
Synonyms: Taleban
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.