Etymology
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Sudan

1842, from Arabic Bilad-al-sudan, literally "country of the blacks" (originally the stretch of Africa between the Sahara and the equator), from sud, plural of aswad (fem. sauda) "black." In early use also Soudan, from French. Related: Sudanese.

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Definitions of Sudan

Sudan (n.)
a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956;
Synonyms: Republic of the Sudan / Soudan
Sudan (n.)
a region of northern Africa to the south of the Sahara and Libyan deserts; extends from the Atlantic to the Red Sea;
Synonyms: Soudan
From wordnet.princeton.edu