Etymology
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scratch (v.)

c. 1400, probably a fusion of Middle English scratten and crachen, both meaning "to scratch," both of uncertain origin. Related: Scratched; scratching. Billiards sense of "to hit the cue ball into a pocket" is first recorded 1909 (also, originally, itch), though earlier it meant "a lucky shot" (1850). Meaning "to withdraw (a horse) from a race" is 1865, from notion of scratching name off list of competitors; used in a non-sporting sense of "cancel a plan, etc." from 1680s. To scratch the surface "make only slight progress in penetrating or understanding" is from 1882. To scratch (one's) head as a gesture of perplexity is recorded from 1712.

scratch (n.1)

1580s, "slight skin tear produced by a sharp thing," from scratch (v.). Meaning "mark or slight furrow in metal, etc." is from 1660s. American English slang sense of "money" is from 1914, of uncertain signification. Many figurative senses (such as up to scratch, originally "ready to meet one's opponent") are from sporting use for "line or mark drawn as a starting place," attested from 1778 (but the earliest use is figurative); meaning "nothing" (as in from scratch) is 1918, generalized from specific 19c. sporting sense of "starting point of a competitor who receives no odds in a handicap match." Sense in billiards is from 1850. Scratch-pad is attested from 1883.

Scratch (n.2)

in Old Scratch "the Devil," 1740, from earlier Scrat, from Old Norse skratte "goblin, wizard," a word which was used in late Old English to gloss "hermaphrodite;" probably originally "monster" (compare Old High German scraz, scrato "satyr, wood demon," German Schratt, Old High German screz "a goblin, imp, dwarf;" borrowed from Germanic into Slavic, as in Polish skrzat "a goblin").

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Definitions of scratch
1
scratch (n.)
an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off;
Synonyms: abrasion / scrape / excoriation
scratch (n.)
a depression scratched or carved into a surface;
Synonyms: incision / prick / slit / dent
scratch (n.)
informal terms for money;
Synonyms: boodle / bread / cabbage / clams / dinero / dough / gelt / kale / lettuce / lolly / lucre / loot / moolah / pelf / shekels / simoleons / sugar / wampum
scratch (n.)
a competitor who has withdrawn from competition;
scratch (n.)
a line indicating the location of the start of a race or a game;
Synonyms: start / starting line / scratch line
scratch (n.)
dry mash for poultry;
Synonyms: chicken feed
scratch (n.)
a harsh noise made by scraping;
Synonyms: scrape / scraping / scratching
scratch (n.)
poor handwriting;
Synonyms: scribble / scrawl / cacography
scratch (n.)
(golf) a handicap of zero strokes;
a golfer who plays at scratch should be able to achieve par on a course
scratch (n.)
an indication of damage;
Synonyms: scrape / scar / mark
2
scratch (v.)
cause friction;
my sweater scratches
Synonyms: rub / fray / fret / chafe
scratch (v.)
cut the surface of; wear away the surface of;
Synonyms: scrape / scratch up
scratch (v.)
scrape or rub as if to relieve itching;
Don't scratch your insect bites!
Synonyms: rub / itch
scratch (v.)
postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled;
scratch that meeting--the chair is ill
Synonyms: cancel / call off / scrub
scratch (v.)
remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line;
scratch that remark
Synonyms: strike / expunge / excise
scratch (v.)
gather (money or other resources) together over time;
they scratched a meager living
Synonyms: scrape / scrape up / come up
scratch (v.)
carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface;
the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree
Synonyms: engrave / grave / inscribe
From wordnet.princeton.edu