Etymology
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Sardinia

large island west of Italy, Latin, from Greek Sardō, Sardōn; perhaps named for the local Iberian people who had settled there; the original form and meaning of the name is lost. A Punic (Phoenician) stelle from 7c. B.C.E. refers to it as Shardan.

The oblique cases in Greek are sometimes Sardonos, etc.  Related: Sardinian, which in 19c. sometimes was shortened to Sard. The historical Kingdom of Sardinia was formed in 1720 from the island and parts of Piedmont and Savoy; it became the nucleus of the modern nation of Italy.

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Definitions of Sardinia

Sardinia (n.)
the Italian region on the island of Sardinia; the kingdom of Sardinia was the nucleus for uniting Italy during the 19th century;
Synonyms: Sardegna
Sardinia (n.)
an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy;
Synonyms: Sardegna
From wordnet.princeton.edu