Etymology
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Samnite (n.)

member of an ancient people (an offshoot of the Sabines) who inhabited Samnium in Italy, late 14c., from Latin Samnites (plural), from Samnium, which probably is related to Sabine (q.v.). The class of gladiators (distinguished by their oblong shield) was so-called because they were armed like the natives of Samnium.

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Definitions of Samnite

Samnite (n.)
an Oscan-speaking member of an ancient people of Campania who clashed repeatedly with the early Romans;
From wordnet.princeton.edu