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Russia

1530s, from Medieval Latin Russi "the people of Russia," from Rus, the native name of the people and the country (source of Arabic Rus, Medieval Greek Rhos), originally the name of a group of Swedish merchant/warriors who established themselves around Kiev 9c. and founded the original Russian principality; perhaps from Ruotsi, the Finnish name for "Sweden," from Old Norse Roþrslandi, "the land of rowing," old name of Roslagen, where the Finns first encountered the Swedes. This is from Old Norse roðr "steering oar," from Proto-Germanic *rothra- "rudder," from PIE *rot-ro-, from root *ere- "to row."

Derivation from the IE root for "red," in reference to hair color, is considered less likely. Russian city-states were founded and ruled by Vikings and their descendants. The Russian form of the name, Rossiya, appears to be from Byzantine Greek Rhosia. Russification is from 1842.

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Definitions of Russia from WordNet

Russia (n.)
a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991;
Synonyms: Soviet Union / Union of Soviet Socialist Republics / ussr
Russia (n.)
formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia;
Synonyms: Soviet Russia / Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
Russia (n.)
a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917;
Russia (n.)
a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state;
Synonyms: Russian Federation
From wordnet.princeton.edu